Wed. May 18th, 2022

wolrd refugee dayLuanda, June 20, 2014 — The World Refugee Day proclaimed by the United Nation’s General Assembly will be celebrated on June 20.

The event was instituted in solidarity with the African continent, home to the largest number of refugees, and which traditionally celebrates the African Refugee Day on that date.

It was also adopted with the aim of raising awareness of the society about the issue of men and women displaced by reasons of war, armed conflict or persecution on grounds of religion, nationality, race, social group and political opinion.

Human movement is one of the biggest problems of today. Approximately 43 million people are displaced by conflict, violence, persecution, environmental degradation and natural disasters and the number tends to grow.

The June 20 is thus celebrated in recognition of the suffering of over 43 million people, forced to leave their place of residence, worldwide; among them are about ten million refugees under the care of the UN High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR).

The number of refugees and displaced persons in the world breaks records in the past twenty years and reaches a figure of 45.2 million people throughout the world, and according to the UN High Commissioner, the crisis in Syria is implicated as a major factor in overall movement.

According to the “Global Trends” report for the 2011 to 2012 period, 2.6 million new refugees and displaced persons have joined the existing 42.5 million (2011), of which, 28.8 million were forced to flee within the borders of their own countries and 15.4 million obtained refugee status in other countries.

Afghanistan tops the list as the country with the highest number in origin, a position it has held for more than three decades, having registered in 2012, a total of 2.5 million. One in four refugees in the world and is Afghan and resides in countries like Pakistan and Iran.

Somalia ranks second in the ranking with 1.1 million refugees and Iraq follows in the third position with 746,000. Syrians total 471,000 refugees and come fourth.

According to the UN, in the world there are nearly one million displaced people waiting to obtain asylum in other countries.

Wars and armed conflicts continue to be a major cause of forced displacement. For UNHCR, more than a half of the refugees come from five countries: in addition to Afghanistan, Syria and Iraq, Somalia and Sudan are part of the list.

The population under UNHCR’s mandate has grown year after year. In 2012, the UN agency recorded 35.8 million people under their care, the highest figure since 1993. Of this figure, 10.5 million are refugees.

Germany is the only developed country on the list of more than ten nations that host refugees the most in the world. The ranking of host countries includes Iran, Kenya, Syria, Ethiopia, Chad, Jordan, China and Turkey.

By 2010, there were 15,000 refugees in Angola of various nationalities, 11,900 of which from the Democratic Republic of Congo. Most resided in the country for over 30 years, according to the Committee for Recognition of the Right of Asylum.

In late 2011, Angolans who were in Congo, Zambia and other countries ceased to be considered refugees.

The Republic of Angola is a signatory to the UN Convention relating to the Status of Refugees, also known as the Geneva Convention of the 1951 Convention.

Refugee, according to the UN, is any person who is outside their country of origin, because it has a strong likelihood of being subject to serious abuse because of their religion, ethnicity, race, creed or ideology.

By Rasaas