Ogadenian people are among victims of the British Empire err injustice. The Ogaden is rich in crude oil and natural gas, which has yet to be developed. Ogaden is a core landlock in the Horn of Africa occurs coordinates 7 ° N and 43 ° E. Except for the Ethiopian military forces in the region, all residents are ethnic Somali. The Ogaden shares a long border with Somalia to the southeast, east and north, Djibouti to the north and Ethiopia to the west and southwest, and Kenya to the south.
Ogadenia among the most backward places in the world. they are people living in a prosperous country and yet hungry for the richness of their land. The lack of development is due to Ethiopia’s brutal colonialism, which has prevented the region from growing economically and academically, so as not to solve problems such as; Hunger, lack of water, poor health, lack of education and many other needs related to life. Every year there is a drought in the Ogaden that kills many people and animals.
The Ogaden is about twice the size of Great Britain and Ireland combined. The region has vast untapped oil reserves, rivers, arable land, livestock and minerals. Unfortunately, no one is benefiting from the region’s wealth, and the main reason is Ethiopia’s failure to provide development assistance to the Ogaden people.
The Ogaden is colonized by Ethiopia, and no real census has ever been done. Ethiopia estimates that five million people are living in the Ogaden. The Ogaden National Liberation Front (ONLF), which is fighting for the independence of the Ogaden, has rejected the estimate, saying it has a population of more than ten million.
The Ogaden has vast oil reserves, which have recently been tested in quantity and quality, after being forcibly drilled by state-owned Chinese company GCLPOLY under the protection of the Ethiopian military. Ethiopia has not yet been able to complete the construction and connection of pipelines to the ports for export. The amount of oil in the Ogaden is eight trillion cubic meters, and Ethiopia plans to earn 70 billion US dollars a year when the project is completed. The reason for the lack of completion of the Ogaden oil exports is due to the Ogaden people’s dissatisfaction with Ethiopia’s mismanagement of its resources.
On several occasions, Ethiopia has entered into agreements with Eritrea and Djibouti on the Ogaden oil export port, but none have been implemented. The nearest port for oil exports is the Dameera-joog port which is close to Djibouti’s border with Somalia and about 700 km from Jeexdin, the nearest oil terminal.
The construction of 700km of rural areas requires the consent of the Ogaden people, large investment budgets and compensation for pastoralists living in the area.
In addition to oil, the Ogaden is also rich in livestock such as; camels, cows, oxen and sheep. The Ogaden has four rivers, two of which flow into the Indian Ocean. The Ogaden has a flat area with fertile soil suitable for growing a variety of crops. Ogaden is rich in precious metals, mercury, gum and herbs that are good for treating animals and people, as well as minerals and precious stones.
Ogaden was a protectorate of the British Empire. Before the British left northern Somalia (now known as Somaliland), the British secretly entered into an agreement with Ethiopia on July 24, 1948. The agreement finally handed over the entire Ogaden region to Ethiopia in 1954. According to history books, the British deliberately handed over Ethiopia to the Ogaden, in retaliation for the defeat of the British army in the Horn of Africa by Sayid Mohamed Abdille Hassan (1). The agreement was not known to the people of the Ogaden, and it was an injustice and a great crime committed by the British against the people of the Ogaden after the British gave the Ogaden as a gift to the Ethiopian colonialists.
During the British occupation of the Ogaden, there were liberation movements throughout Somalia, including the Ogaden. The liberation of the Somali people was contested by Britain in Somaliland, the Ogaden and the NFD, and Italy in the south and east, including the Somali capital Mogadishu.
At the beginning of 1948, Britain and Italy competed for control of Somalia until independence. Italy promised independence to Somalia in 1960, and Britain argued that it would liberate all Somalis in the 1980s (greater Somali). For Somalis, Britain preferred Italy, which promised independence in the short term. The British were outraged that Somalis preferred Italy. The British envy transferred the Ogaden to Ethiopia, the NFD transferred it to Kenya, and four days before the independence of Somalia, the British left Somaliland (2).
The oppression of the Ogaden people and other ethnic groups, the genocide against humanity and the endless conflict in Ethiopia is the responsibility of the United Kingdom. The United Kingdom caused border disturbances by dividing one ethnic group and merged into different ethnic groups so that the world would not end in trouble.
The people who now are suffering in Ethiopia for arbitrary arrests, arbitrary killings, rapes of women, brutal torture, looting of property, know that their suffering is caused by the British monarchy which never talks about evil and oppression. have these people.
as the British government is one of the most powerful countries militarily, economically and politically, it has a clear veto in the United Nations. The British Empire also knew that there were people who were suffering from British hypocrisy in the past, so it would be good for the British government to tell the truth about the political turmoil in the Horn of Africa.